A brief introduction to the Borneo Island.
Borneo Island is located at coordinate 1.0000° N, 114.0000° E and is the third largest island in the world. The island is shared by three countries, Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei. Indonesia occupies the largest share of the island which is about 73%, Malaysia 26% and Brunei, 1%.
Two of the 13 states of Malaysia are located on this island and they are Sarawak and Sabah (as shown above in red wording), which appeared also to be first and second largest states in Malaysia. The difinition of “state” is still widely debatable among the Malaysian particularly for those residing in Sarawak and Sabah as both states retained certain degrees of legislative autonomy compared to the rest of Malaysian states in West Malaysia. For example, both states have separate immigration controls, requiring even Malaysian citizens from West Malaysia to carry passports when visiting Sarawak and Sabah.
The state capital of Sarawak is Kuching and of Sabah, Kota Kinabalu (also known simply as “K.K”). Both state capital have International Airports that connect flights to/from West Malaysia, Brunei, Singapore, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Taiwan, China, Korea, Japan and Australia.
As the island is located on the equator, the temperature of the island hovers around 30 Celsius throughout the year so there’s no worries as to when to visit Sarawak and Sabah. There are quite a lot of reasons to visit and below I will list down some of them:
- Sarawak and Sabah house one of the oldest rainforest in the world, rumoured to be around 130 million years old. It is also the natural habitats for the endangered Bornean Orangutan as well as important refuge to endemic forest species including Asian Elephant, the Sumatran Rhinoceros and the Bornean Clounded leopard.
- Mt Kinabalu, the highest point on the Borneo Island is located in Sabah (about 4,095 meter above sea level) and is the 3rd highest mountain on islands in the world.
- The Rajang River boasting 562.5km long, the longest river in Malaysia.
- Clearwater Cave in Sarawak has one of the longest underground river in the world.
- Mulu caves in Sarawak, known to have very large chamber that is rumoured to be able to accomdate 40 Boeing 747s without overlapping their wings.
- International classed diving spots in Sabah with beautiful islands, coral reefs and atolls.
In my subsequent blogs, I will share in details places of interest that are recommended a visit in these two states as well as the tips on how to get there and the expected cost.